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Going Beyond Familiar Features for Deep Anomaly Detection.

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posted on 2024-02-19, 09:36 authored by Sarath SivaprasadSarath Sivaprasad, Mario FritzMario Fritz
Anomaly Detection (AD) is a critical task that involves identifying observations that do not conform to a learned model of normality. Prior work in deep AD is predominantly based on a familiarity hypothesis, where familiar features serve as the reference in a pre-trained embedding space. While this strategy has proven highly successful, it turns out that it causes consistent false negatives when anomalies consist of truly novel features that are not well captured by the pre-trained encoding. We propose a novel approach to AD using explainability to capture novel features as unexplained observations in the input space. We achieve strong performance across a wide range of anomaly benchmarks by combining similarity and novelty in a hybrid approach. Our approach establishes a new state-of-the-art across multiple benchmarks, handling diverse anomaly types while eliminating the need for expensive background models and dense matching. In particular, we show that by taking account of novel features, we reduce false negative anomalies by up to 40% on challenging benchmarks compared to the state-of-the-art. Our method give visually inspectable explanations for pixel level anomalies.

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Primary Research Area

  • Trustworthy Information Processing

Journal

CoRR

Volume

abs/2310.00797

Sub Type

  • Article

BibTeX

@article{Sivaprasad:Fritz:2023, title = "Going Beyond Familiar Features for Deep Anomaly Detection.", author = "Sivaprasad, Sarath" AND "Fritz, Mario", year = 2023, month = 9, journal = "CoRR" }

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