On_Cross-Layer_Interactions_of_QUIC_Encrypted_DNS_and_HTTP_3_Design_Evaluation_and_Dataset.pdf (6.23 MB)

On Cross-Layer Interactions of QUIC, Encrypted DNS and HTTP/3: Design, Evaluation and Dataset

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posted on 2024-04-25, 07:01 authored by Jayasree Sengupta, Mike Kosek, Justus Fries, Simone Ferlin-Reiter, Vaibhav Bajpai
Every Web session involves a DNS resolution. While, in the last decade, we witnessed a promising trend towards an encrypted Web in general, DNS encryption has only recently gained traction with the standardisation of DNS over TLS (DoT) and DNS over HTTPS (DoH). Meanwhile, the rapid rise of QUIC deployment has now opened up an exciting opportunity to utilise the same protocol to not only encrypt Web communications, but also DNS. In this paper, we evaluate this benefit of using QUIC to coalesce name resolution via DNS over QUIC (DoQ), and Web content delivery via HTTP/3 (H3) with 0-RTT. We compare this scenario using several possible combinations where H3 is used in conjunction with DoH and DoQ, as well as the unencrypted DNS over UDP (DoUDP). We observe, that when using H3 1-RTT, page load times with DoH can get inflated by >30% over fixed-line and by >50% over mobile when compared to unencrypted DNS with DoUDP. However, this cost of encryption can be drastically reduced when encrypted connections are coalesced (DoQ + H3 0-RTT), thereby reducing the page load times by 1/3 over fixed-line and 1/2 over mobile, overall making connection coalescing with QUIC the best option for encrypted communication on the Internet.


Primary Research Area

  • Empirical and Behavioral Security


IEEE Transactions on Network and Service Management



Page Range




Open Access Type

  • Hybrid

Sub Type

  • Article


@article{Sengupta:Kosek:Fries:Ferlin-Reiter:Bajpai:2024, title = "On Cross-Layer Interactions of QUIC, Encrypted DNS and HTTP/3: Design, Evaluation and Dataset", author = "Sengupta, Jayasree" AND "Kosek, Mike" AND "Fries, Justus" AND "Ferlin-Reiter, Simone" AND "Bajpai, Vaibhav", year = 2024, month = 4, journal = "IEEE Transactions on Network and Service Management", number = "99", pages = "1--1", publisher = "IEEE", issn = "1932-4537", doi = "10.1109/tnsm.2024.3383787" }